Competition, competition policy and the GATT

  • 34 Pages
  • 1.84 MB
  • English
World Bank, Europe and Central Asia, and Middle East and North Africa Regions Technical Dept., Finance and Private Sector Development Division , Washington, DC
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Organization), Competition., Competition -- Government po
StatementBernard M. Hoekman, Petros C. Mavroidis.
SeriesPolicy research working paper ;, 1228, Policy research working papers ;, 1228.
ContributionsMavroidis, Petros C.
LC ClassificationsHG3881.5.W57 P63 no. 1228
The Physical Object
Pagination34 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1230474M
LC Control Number94232207

Get this from a library. Competition, competition policy and the GATT. [Bernard M Hoekman; Petros C Mavroidis; World Bank. Europe and Central Asia, and Middle East and North Africa Regions Technical Department.

Finance and Private Sector Development Division.]. Their focus on the terms-of-trade externality is particularly original and ties the book together. Topics include the theory of trade agreements, the origin and design of the GATT and the WTO, the principles of reciprocity, the most favored nation principle, terms-of-trade theory, enforcement, preferential trade agreements, labor and environmental standards, competition policy, and agricultural export by: A collection by founders and early leaders of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), presenting the current thinking on the past, present and future of the postwar system of international finance and trade.

The book investigates competition law and international technology transfer in the light of the TRIPS Agreement and the experience of both developed and developing countries.

On that basis, it draws relevant implications for developing countries. which itself has its origin in the GATT The GATT provided the legal framework Author: Tu Thanh Nguyen. "This paper is forthcoming (as chapter 6) in Jonathan Golub (ed.) Global competition and EU environmental policy (London: Routledge)." Description: 22 pages ; 21 cm.

Series Title: EUI working paper., RSC ;, no.

Description Competition, competition policy and the GATT PDF

98/6. Other Titles: EU environmental policy and the. This book examines the motivations and contributions of the two main framers of the GATT, the United States and the United Kingdom, as well as the smaller role of other countries. The framers desired a commercial agreement on trade practices as well as negotiated reductions in trade barriers.

competition policy are incorporated in the WTO General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT); the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS); the Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement); the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures.

Whish and Bailey's Competition Law is the definitive textbook on this subject. The authors explain the purpose of competition policy, introduce the reader to key concepts and techniques in competition law and provide insights into the numerous different issues that arise when analysing marketbehaviour.

Describing the law in its economic and market context, they particularly consider the. governmental restrictions. In this latter respect, competition policy shares a common goal with the GATT/WTO.

The goal of Competition Policy is to establish and maintain the freedom of enterprises, the equality of the competitive conditions under which they compete, and the openness of markets. A striking similarity exists between the objectives of the WTO and those of competition policy. In this latter respect, competition policy shares a common goal with the GATT/WTO.

The goal of Competition Policy is to establish and maintain the freedom of enterprises, the equality of the competitive conditions under which they compete, and the openness of markets. the title of the head of the GATT secretariat from "Executive Secretary" to "Director-General". However, in the absence of an amendment to the General Agreement to take account of this change, the title "Executive Secretary" has been retained in the text of Articles XVIII(e), XXIII:2 and XXVI:4, 5 and 6.

In this book, a distinguished group of academic experts considers the agenda and areas of interest for the next Round in light of Seattle, the functions of the WTO and competition policy issues arising from trade liberalization.

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was the first multilateral free trade agreement.

Details Competition, competition policy and the GATT PDF

It first took effect in as an agreement between 23 countries, and it remained in effect until —at which point its membership had grown to countries. This chapter presents an overview of the application of competition law in regional trade agreements (RTA). It explains that competition law became a common element of bilateral and regional trade agreements because private business conduct, if left unregulated, can distort and defeat the intended effects of trade agreements.

However, competition provisions are usually not consistent in their. Download book PDF. The World Trade Organization Global Competition Policy, Institute for International Economics, Washington, D. Google Scholar. Lloyd, P.J. Anti-dumping Actions and the GATT System, London: Trade Policy Research Centre ().

Google Scholar. Lloyd, P. and K. Vautier Promoting Competition in Global Markets. This article is based on the conviction that trade unfettered by government restrictions in trade and investment contributes to the maximization of economic welfare of trading nations Competition policy, which applies both domestically and internationally, aims at promoting the freedom of business activities.

World Trade Organization (WTO) law and competition policy are grounded on similar. Beyond the critical analysis of WTO’s decision-making by consensus, the book critically examines GATT’s "common intention" treaty interpretation, Antidumping’s NME methodology, TRIPS’ public health concerns, and IP-competition trade policy dynamics.

Competition Policy brief - How evaluation can help: The case of financial support to business R&D&I Issue /3, 30 May ; Competition Policy brief on International enforcement cooperation in mergers Issue /2, 23 May ; Competition Policy brief on EU merger control and innovation Issue /1, 11 April ; Issue /1, 21 March The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or ing to its preamble, its purpose was the "substantial reduction of tariffs and other trade barriers and the elimination of preferences, on a reciprocal and mutually.

Cartels, competition, and coalitions: the domestic drivers of international orders. Review of International Political Economy. Ahead of Print. This is the table of contents for the book Policy and Theory of International Trade (v.

For more details on it (including licensing), click here. This book is. This is the first book to provide a systematic treatment of the economics of antitrust (or competition policy) in a global context. It draws on the literature of industrial organisation and on original analyses to deal with such important issues as cartels, joint-ventures, mergers, vertical contracts, predatory pricing, exclusionary practices, and price discrimination, and to formulate policy.

The implications of Big Data on competition policy will likely be a part of the Data and Competition Policy is the first work to offer a detailed description of the important new issue of Big Data and explains how it relates to competition laws and policy, both in the EU and US. The book helps bring the reader quickly up to speed on.

With Unfair Competition and the ITC, you will understand the nature and operation of Section of the Tariff Act and how to use it to protect the rights of U.S.

intellectual property holders. This handbook details the rationale and reasoning behind procedures such as jurisdiction, discovery, and motion practice in the federal district courts. between Trade and Competition Policy have focused, since the Doha Declaration, on non-discrimination, transparency and due process.

These discussions have taken place in large measure within the context of the EC submissions and proposals for a multilateral competition policy framework, which also includes as a central.

This is the table of contents for the book Policy and Theory of International Economics (v. For more details on it (including licensing), click here. This book is. The last trade policy exception from the GATT period that we introduce is antidumping. cg As described in Sectionthe GATT system permitted countries to impose antidumping import restrictions against products sold at low (dumped) prices if such imports caused injury to the domestic, import-competing industry.

Today antidumping is in use by. For the past two decades, Michael Porter's work has towered over the field of competitive strategy.

On Competition, Updated and Expanded Edition brings together more than a dozen of Porter's landmark articles from the Harvard Business are new to this edition, including the update to his classic "The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy," as well as new work on health.

France, Germany, Italy and Poland have urged European Commission Vice President Margrethe Vestager to stop dragging her feet on competition law reforms that they insist are needed to forge European champions to rival China and the U.S.

For more than a year, Paris and Berlin have been pushing for new EU antitrust rules after Vestager blocked a mega merger in the rail sector between.

The term ‘regional trade agreements’ (RTAs) primarily covers comprehensive free trade agreements (FTAs), such as NAFTA, and customs unions such as the EU or MERCOSUR, which meet the requirements of Article XXIV GATT This article focuses on Article XXIV GATT and raises a broad range of issues, including economic, political, strategic, security, and international and national.

Strategic Retreat: The Backlash against Import Competition, The New Global Economy, Conclusion: The End of Trade Policy? Acknowledgments.

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Data Appendix. Index. Free Trade Under Fire, third edition () This book provides a general overview of trade policy issues. To invoke a remedy under GATT VI, it is unnecessary to make an allegation of predatory pricing, i.e.

pricing a good with the intent of driving the competition out of business, let alone have proof of it. Accordingly, when domestic producers invoke GATT VI, they do so frequently with the intention of protecting their relative market positions.The ICN provides competition authorities with a specialized yet informal venue for maintaining regular contacts and addressing practical competition concerns.

This allows for a dynamic dialogue that serves to build consensus and convergence towards sound competition policy principles across the global antitrust community.